All posts by Dartefact

Dartefact is the online name for me, Rob. 'Dartefacts' is the website and project where I record, share, exhibit my artwork; photography, paintings, drawings, printmaking.. All within the subject of exploring the brooding moorland landscape of Dartmooor and the many artefacts to be found there..

Donate to Dartefacts!

Donations: Dartefacts has recently gone through a number of major technical updates, improvements and bug fixes. It is proving to be quite costly to keep this major Dartmoor resource up to date and functioning correctly. Website technology is constantly evolving and Dartefacts has to keep up with all of these changes in order to stay relevant, useful and working correctly. I am not a coder and so all fixes and updates (such as the recent improvement to 1:25k Ordnance Survey Mapping) all cost money. If you feel Dartefacts is a valuable Dartmoor resource that you would like to see maintained and existing into the future then perhaps you might consider offering a small donation towards its upkeep? There is no requirement at all to donate and I am avoiding adding advertising or any subscription charges at present. Any donation will always be very much appreciated.

1:25k OS Mapping for Registered Users

Dartefacts now provides free 1:25k Ordnance Survey Maps on all of its pages. This facility is only available to Registered and Logged-in Users. So Register today to experience “Super-Zoom” and view the OS Dartmoor map closer than you ever imagined possible (i.e. without that magnifying glass!)

For Dartefact items that have been provided accurate GPS ‘fixes’ this will prove incredibly useful in locating items if you don’t have a GPS with you but you do have your mobile phone. An accurate GPS ‘fix’ on Dartefacts means the item name ends with a number (altitude in metres above sea level) in parenthesis i.e. (510m).

For more information about Registering please see the Information pages.

Many thanks to Simon Battersby Consulting Ltd. for this amazing new update!

Vital Maintenance Work

Dartefacts may have a disrupted service over the next few weeks whilst essential technical updates are installed. A new Ordnance Survey Online Interactive Mapping system is being added to update all Dartefact webpages that use a map. This should be a huge improvement.

Dartefacts Index

Dartefacts Database Classification System. The intention is to eventually provide a complete classification index page with hyperlinked text to view entire classifications of items.

Update (27/04/20): ALL of the classifications have been hyperlinked to the ‘Index’ Page and it is now time to proofread, ensuring no classifications have been ‘accidentally’ missed out!

A more ‘user-friendly’ (i.e. shorter!) index (with friendly ‘Darticons’) is available on the ‘By Classification Page‘.

Historic Sites

Cultural

Activities

Country Parks
Glider Clubs
Good Wild Camping Sites
Markers for Well Known Walks
Model Aircraft Flying Clubs
Model Boat Sailing Clubs
Mountain Bike Hire
Outdoor Education Centres
Riding Stables
Running Events
Well Known Letter Boxes

Artwork Locations
Castles & Forts
Cultural Items

April Fools
Benches

Druids’ Benches?
Memorial Benches
Picnic Benches

Corners
Cottages
Courts
Dartmoor National Park Boundary Markers
Follies
Galleries
Goldsworthy Rock Stacks
Graves
Hamlets
Lanes
Magik Symbols
Manor Houses
Mansions
Memorial Sites
Mounting Blocks
Myths & Legends
Old Post Offices
Plaques
Rangers’ Huts
Ruined Houses
Secret Places?
Steps
Sunken Lanes
WebCams

Dartefacts of Death!
Facilities

Car Parks
Corner Shops
Estate Agents
Parks
Post Boxes
Post Offices and Post Offices with Shops
Schools
Telephone Boxes
Toilets!
Towns
TV Masts
Villages

Habitations
Haunted Dartmoor!
Religious Buildings

Abbeys
Chapels
Church Houses
Churches

Rubbish!
School Houses
Twin Peaks References
Village Halls

Farming

‘Modern’ (i.e. non-prehistoric) Pounds
Ancient Tenements
Ash Houses
Bartons (Large Farmhouses or Manor Houses)
Bee Boles
Cattle

Cattle Grids
Cattle Pastures
Cattle Pounds
Cattle Strolls

Commons (areas of heather moorland that belong to a parish)
Concrete Rollers

Farm Items

Knife Grinder Support Stones
Metal Troughs
Old Metal Cart Wheels
Rick Staddles

Farm Machinery
Farm Water Pounds or small reservoirs for farming
Farms, Farmhouses, Farmsteads and Working Farms
Field Wall Crossing Points

Stiles

Granite Stiles
Wooden Stiles

Stone Wall Steps
Wall Gaps

Fields & Stone Walls

Abrupt End of Stone Walls
Distinctive or Named Field Wall Corners
Kinky Walls
Newtakes
Ruined Field Wall Remains (possibly prehistoric/ probably medieval?)
Sheepfolds

Gates and Gateposts

Fallen Gateposts
Farm Style Gates
Gate Posts used for building walls
Granite Gate Posts
Granite Gate Posts (Slotted)
Granite Gate Posts with Hangars
Moor Gates
Pairs of Gate Posts
Slip-Style Granite Gate Posts
Walled-in Gates
Well Known Gates

Granite Field Posts
Granite Rubbing Posts/ Buggers
Granite Structures
Iron Stakes
Longhouses
Medieval Villages
Minor Ruins
Potato Caves
Rabbit Warrens/ Pillow Mounds
Repurposed Farmhouses
Ruined Farmsteads
Sheep Creeps/ Holes
Vermin Traps
Walls
Windstrews
Working Farms

Granite (Worked)

Abandoned Granite

Apple Crushers
Blowing Stones
Carved/ Dressed Granite
Cheese Presses
Edgerunners
etc.
Granite Cubes
Granite Rollers
Holed Stones
Millstones
Quadrant Pound-Stones
Quern (Grinding) Stones
Split Granite

Feather & Tare Stones
Iron Feather and Tare Remains
Wedge and Groove Method of Splitting

Stone Troughs
Wheelwright’s Forms

Boundary, Guide and Distance Markers

B Rocks
B Stones
B.S Bound Stones on Old Maps
Bedford Markers

Bedford Marker Posts
Bedford Markers Inscribed

Bound Stones on Haytor Down
Cator Boundstones ‘CB’
Cobras
County Bridge Stones
Dartmoor Preservation Association (DPA) Stones
Dartmoor Prison Stones, Director of Convict Prisons (DCP)
Frank Phillpotts’ Peat Pass Markers
Gideligh Parish Boundary Markers
Great Stannon Newtake Boundary Markers

Great Stannon Newtake Boundary Rocks
Great Stannon Newtake Boundary Stones

Guide and Waymark Stones
H Huxton Bound Stones
Iron Cobras (Forest Bounds)
Lydford, Bridestowe and Sourton Boundary Stones

Milestones

Plymouth and Dartmoor Railway Milestones
Road Milestones

Misc. Bound Stones
Misc. Stones
P SM Bound Stones
PCWW Markers

Abandoned PCWW Marker Posts
PCWW 1917 Markers
PCWW 1919 Markers
PCWW 1932 Markers
PCWW Cast Iron Markers

Pew Tor Marker Stones

Pew Tor Marker Stones 1847
Pew Tor Marker Stones 1896

PUDC (Paignton Urban District Council) Boundary Stones, Venford Reservoir, Holne Moor
Riddon Ridge Stones
Sampford Spiney Parish Boundary Stones
Small Cairns, pile of stones – possibly relatively modern to mark a summit, path or junction
TA (Tavistock Ashburton) Guide Stones
Tavistock Rural District Council (TRDC) Posts
The Duke Stones
The Heathercombe Three Fishes
Torquay Water Main (TWM) Stones
WD (War Department) Stones
Yeoland Mine Bound Stones

Crosses

Granite Crosses

Abandoned/ Broken Crosses
Churchyard Crosses
Market Crosses
Memorial Crosses
Socket Stones
Unconfirmed Crosses
Village Crosses
Wayside Crosses

Inscribed Crosses

Inscribed Granite Rails
Misc. Inscribed Rocks
Revd. Edward Bray Inscriptions
Special Items

Incised Farm Signs
Incised Marks
Lintels
Lintels (doorways)
Lintels (windows)

Ruined Steps
Stone Seats

Industry

China Clay

China Clay Pools
China Clay Slurry Pipes
China Clay Waste
China Clay Works
Red Lake Tramway Inspection Points

Corn Mills
Forestry & Timber

Forest Paths
Plantations
Saw Mills
Timber Transporting Aerial Ropeways

Fulling Mills (wool treatment)
Gunpowder Manufacturers
Gunpowder Mills
Industrial Paths

Mining

Mines

Arsenic Mines
Barytes Mines
Copper Mines
Fluorspar Mines
Haematite (Iron Oxide) Mines
Lead Mines
Silver Mines
Zircon Mines

Shafts
Tinning (Tin Mining)

Adits
Blowing Houses
Buddles
Crazing Millstones
Flat Rod Pillars
Girts
Mortar Stones

Double Mortar Stones

Mould Stones/ Float Stones
Pits (tin or sometimes sand extraction)
Shored-up Pits
Tethering Rings
Tin Mills
Tin Mines
Tin Workings

Beams (Open Mining Gullies or Trenches)
Tinners’ Passes
Tinners’ Gerts (larger than a gully!)
Tinners’ Gullies and Gulfs

Tinners’ Buildings
Tinners’ Caches

Beehive Huts

Tinners’ Caves
Tinners’ Caves, Caches and Fougous

Tinners’ Corbelled Caches

Tinners’ Evidence
Tinners’ Huts 

East Dart

Tinners’ Items

Crazing Mills
Tinners’ Reservoirs
Tinners’ Test Pits
Wheel Pits
Wheelhouses
Whim Stones

Misc. Industrial Structures/ Items

Concrete Bases
Nice old walls
Ruined Buildings
Significant Earthworks

Miscellaneous Industrial Items

Iron Spikes

Peat

Meilers
Peat Cutters’ Buildings
Peat Cutters’ Huts
Peat Kilns
Peat Pass Markers
Peat Passes
Peatworks
Peatworks’ Bricks
Peatworks’ Reservoirs

Quarrying

Explosives Stores
Misc. Quarry Items
Quarry Locations
Quarrying Machinery

Reservoirs

Capped Boreholes
Explosives Stores
Miscellaneous Reservoir Items

Sett Makers’ Bankers

Military (Modern)

Aircrash Sites
Firing Ranges 629 Capping Stones
Ammunition Demolition Craters
Butts
Datum Posts
Distance Markers
Flag Poles
Granite Rifle Range Communication Posts
Impromptu Defensive Structures
Observation Posts (OPs)
Military Firing Range Targets
Military Targets
Military Telephone Points
Military Tethering Rings
Misc. Military Ruins
Modern Military Camps
Other Military Buildings

World War II Evidence

Home Guard Lookout Posts
Low Level Radar Pylon Bases
Misc. Ruined WW2 Buildings, Machinery or Equipment
WWII Aerodromes
WWII Air Raid Shelters
WWII Anti-Aircraft Gun Emplacements
WWII Glider Posts
WWII RAF Stations
WWII Rifle Ranges
WWII Roborough Down Decoy Airfield (Codename: PL2!)
Decoy Runway Lightbases
WWII Slit Trenches

Non-Granite Posts Sign Posts
Telegraph Markers
Water Board Posts (?)
Wooden Pegs

Ordnance Survey (OS)

Dartmoor B.M.s

Bolts
Flush Brackets
Found Dartmoor B.M.s
Not Located Dartmoor B.M.s
Not Yet Visited Dartmoor B.M.s

Contour Rings

Contour Ring Clusters

OS Spot Heights
Trig Points

Ex Trig Points (Trig Points that no longer exist!)
Trig Points (Trigs that can still be found!)

Other Hut Structures

Unidentified Ruined Buildings

Prisons

Refreshments, Facilities & Accommodation

B&Bs
Cafes, Tea Shops, Restaurants and Diners!
Camping Barns
Hostels & Bunkhouses YHA
Museums
Pubs, Inns, Hotels & Bars Hotels
Inns

Transport

Rail and Tram

Abandoned Rail Gauges
Embankments
Granite Points
Milestones
Railway Bridges
Railway Halts
Railway Hut Ruins
Railway Lines
Railway Sidings
Railway Tunnels
Railway Viaducts
Stable Ruins
Tramroads
Tramways

Road & Track

Roads

Crossroads
Gateways

Trackways
Turnpike Houses (Toll Houses)

Land Features

Boulders, Stones & Rock Features

Balancing Boulders
Caves (made and natural/ fallen slabs)
Isolated Rocks and Boulders
Large Boulders
Large Cairns (rubble remains of eroded tor or prehistoric grave?)
Large Flat Slabs of Granite
Logan Stones
Natural Rock Windows
Odd Boulders & Rocks
Possible BS Bound Stones on Maps
Rock Basins
Rock Features

Pareidolia (Seeing Faces in Rocks)

Rock Handles
Rock Seats
Rock Shelters
Rocky Outcrops and Stacks
Small Cairns or Piles of Rocks
Solitary Interesting Rocks
Solitary Upright Stones
Xenoliths
Zoomorphism (perceiving an inanimate object as having animal traits)

Named Tors, Hills & Outcrops (for Baggers!)

600m Peak
Animal Named Tors
Balls (Rounded Hills)
Beacons (High Hills)
Dartmoor Bog Hoppers’ Peaks (a distinct, named area of the moor which is at least 500m above sea level)
Dewey Hills
Large Outcrops
Rocks
Short, Steep Hills
Steep Hills

Terrain

Bogs, Marshes and Mires
Brakes (thickets, possibly in marshlands)
Chases (unenclosed land formerly reserved for hunting)
Clatters/ Clitters (scattered rocks/ boulders – remains of eroded tors)
Commons
Downs
Ferns
Ghylls (a deep ravine or narrow mountain stream often wooded)
Gorse
Holes
Lawns
Meadows
Moors
Plains (gentle land, rock free and good for grazing)
Ridges
Valleys

Bottoms (Valleys)
Cleaves & Gorges (Steep Valleys often found near the edge of the moor)
Combes (small valleys, usually closed at the top end)

Wastes (small areas of rough pasture)
Waters (the divide between two river systems – or even the system itself)
Wilderness!

Trees

Copses
Famous Trees
Forests

Forest Corners
Green Cathedrals

Trees growing in split rocks

Woods

Prehistoric Sites

Cairns

Encircled Cairns
Platform Cairns
Ring Cairns
Ceremonial Complexes

Chambered Tombs
Cists
Cup Stones
Encircled Cairn with Cist
Hut Circles

Hut Circle Clusters

Neolithic Burial Chambers
Neolithic Enclosures
Neolithic Sites
Other Prehistoric Items
Pounds
Prehistoric Boundary Posts
Prehistoric Settlements

‘Ring’ Settlements

Reaves
Rock Pairs
Standing Stones
Stone Circles
Stone Circles (Modern)
Stone Rows
The Dartmoor Sun Circle
Tumuli (a Tumulus is a mound of earth over a grave)
Turner “Stone Circles”

Water Features

Flowing Water

Brooks
Cascades and Swirling Pools
Rivers

Prominent River Bends
River Confluences (& Foots)
River Heads
River Islands
River Pools
Rivers Meet

Springs
Streams (‘Lake’ on Dartmoor means stream!)
Waterfalls

Still Water

Bays
Ponds
Pools
Reservoirs
Swimming Pools!
Wells

Water Crossings

Bridges

Clam Bridges
Clapper Bridges

Collapsed Clapper Bridges
Foot Bridges
Leat Clapper Bridges

Rickety Iron Footbridges
Ruined Bridges
Stone Bridges
Suspension Bridges
Tube Bridges
Wooden Bridges

Fords
Sheep Leaps
Stepping Stones
Viaducts

Water Related Items

Aqueducts
Bullseyes
Drain Covers
Hydro-Electric Generating Stations
PCWW Drain Covers
Pump Houses
Rain Gauges
Reservoir Boundary Structures
Reservoir Control Stations
River/ Livestock Barrier Gates
Unidentified Water Objects (U.W.O.s ??)
Water Height Gauges
Water Monitoring Stations
Water Pounds (small reservoirs)
Water Tunnels
Weirs

Waterways

Canals
Leats

Disused Leats
Flowing Leats
Head Weirs
Kinks-in-Leats (for night navigation test!)
Launders
Leat Foot Bridges (FBs)
Leat Junctions
Leat Sluice Gates
Leat Tunnel Entrances & Exits
Leats’ Points of Interest

Z Peter and Karin Brooks Dartefacts
Z Max Piper Dartefacts

Dartmoor 365 Map

Bonus Dartmoor 365 Squares

South Devon B.M.s (new page)

South Devon B.M.s (older classification)

Laira Bridge to Yealm Bridge B.M.s

Found Bench Marks
Not Located Bench Marks
Not Visited Bench Marks

Plymouth B.M.s

Plymouth Barbican B.M.s
Plymouth Suburbs B.M.s

Steve Grigg Dartefacts Tally